Members of AIM (American Indian Movement) at an outpost on the border of Whiteclay. Whiteclay, Nebraska lies on disputed land, merely 200 feet from the official reservation border, and less than 2 miles from the center of Pine Ridge, South Dakota, the largest town on the reservation.
Prior to 2013 the sale and possession of alcoholic beverages on the Pine Ridge was prohibited under tribal law. Except for a brief experiment with on-reservation liquor sales in the early 1970s, this prohibition has been in effect since the reservation lands were created.
At the time this image was taken, Whiteclay had four off-sale beer stores licensed by the State of Nebraska which sold the equivalent of 4.5 million 12-ounce cans of beer annually (12,500 cans per day), mostly to the Oglalas living on the Pine Ridge.